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Intra- and extra-cellular DNA damage by harmine and 9-methyl-harmine

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
29421 44395 2014 6 PDF Available
Title
Intra- and extra-cellular DNA damage by harmine and 9-methyl-harmine
Abstract

•We analyze the DNA damage photo-induced by Ha and 9-Me-Ha in V79 cells.•Results are compared with the damage observed in cell-free DNA.•Data indicate that β-carbolines act as photosensitizers in mammalian cells.•DNA damage profile observed under intra and extracellular conditions is quite different.•Intracellular DNA damage was linked with a micronuclei generation and phototoxicity.

It is known that β-carbolines are able to produce photosensitized damage in cell-free DNA, but there is little information on their effects on cellular DNA. Therefore, we have analyzed the DNA damage produced by harmine and 9-methyl-harmine under UVA irradiation in V79 cells, together with the associated generation of micronuclei and photocytotoxicity. The results indicate that the most frequent photoproducts generated in the cellular DNA are modified purines such as 8-oxo-7,8-dihydroguanine. Only relatively few single-strand breaks were observed. CPDs were absent, although they were generated in cell-free DNA irradiated under the same conditions. The overall extent of DNA damage in the cells was considerably smaller than the one observed in cell free DNA. The generation of cellular DNA damage was associated with a significant generation of micronuclei and decreased cell proliferation. The data indicate that β-carbolines act as photosensitizers in mammalian cells. The spectrum of DNA modification, and therefore the mechanism of DNA damage generation, differs considerably from that observed with cell-free DNA.

Graphical abstractUpon UVA excitation, the DNA moiety is seriously injured by β-carboline alkaloids. The DNA damage profile observed under intracellular conditions differs from that one observed underextracellular conditions.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
β-carbolines; Photosensitization; Phototoxicity; Cyclobutane pyrimidine photodimers; Micronuclei
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Intra- and extra-cellular DNA damage by harmine and 9-methyl-harmine
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 132, 5 March 2014, Pages 66–71
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us