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Influence of the λ780 nm laser light on the repair of surgical bone defects grafted or not with biphasic synthetic micro-granular hydroxylapatite + Beta-Calcium triphosphate

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
29429 44397 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
Influence of the λ780 nm laser light on the repair of surgical bone defects grafted or not with biphasic synthetic micro-granular hydroxylapatite + Beta-Calcium triphosphate
Abstract

•Repair of large bone defects may be timing consuming and improper.•We studied the effects of association of using biomaterial and IR Laser light.•Histological findings are indicative of a positive effect of the association.•Both timing and quality of the newly formed bone were improved when the association was used.

The treatment of bone loss due to different etiologic factors is difficult and many techniques aim to improve repair, including a wide range of biomaterials and, recently, photobioengineering. This work aimed to assess, through histological analysis The aim of this study was to assess, by light microscopy, the repair of bone defects grafted or not with biphasic synthetic micro-granular Calcium hydroxyapatite (HA) + Beta-TCP associated or not with Laser phototherapy – LPT (λ780 nm). Forty rats were divided into 4 groups each subdivided into 2 subgroups according to the time of sacrifice (15 and 30 days). Surgical bone defects were made on femur of each animal with a trephine drill. On animals of Clot group the defect was filled only by blood clot, on Laser group the defect filled with the clot was further irradiated. On animals of Biomaterial and Laser + Biomaterial groups the defect was filled by biomaterial and the last one was further irradiated (λ780 nm, 70 mW, spot size ∼ 0.4 cm2, 20 J/cm2-session, 140 J/cm2-treatment) in four points around the defect at 48-h intervals and repeated for 2 weeks. At both 15th and 30th days following sacrifice, samples were taken and analyzed by light microscopy. Many similarities were observed histologically between groups on regards bone reabsorption and neoformation, inflammatory infiltrate and collagen deposition. The criterion degree of maturation, marked by the presence of basophilic lines, indicated that the use of LPT associated with HA + Beta TCP graft, resulted in more advanced stage of bone repair at the end of the experiment.

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Keywords
Biomaterial; Bone repair; Hydroxyapatite; Laser phototherapy
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Influence of the λ780 nm laser light on the repair of surgical bone defects grafted or not with biphasic synthetic micro-granular hydroxylapatite + Beta-Calcium triphosphate
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 131, 5 February 2014, Pages 16–23
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us