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Enhancement of sludge granulation in anaerobic acetogenesis by addition of nitrate and microbial community analysis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2956 144 2015 8 PDF Available
Title
Enhancement of sludge granulation in anaerobic acetogenesis by addition of nitrate and microbial community analysis
Abstract

•H2 produced in anaerobic process acted as electron donor for denitrification.•Adding nitrate could accelerate the sludge granulation in acetogenesis.•Butyrate was optimum carbon source for sludge granulation and denitrification.•Microbial communities in butyrate digester presented the most active state.

Sludge granulation is a key factor to sustain anaerobic systems operating efficiently and steadily. Nitrate as a H2 consumer was added into anaerobic digesters to investigate its effects on the sludge granulation. The results showed that adding nitrate increased the sludge granule size by 289%, 325% and 790% with acetate, propionate and butyrate as substrates, respectively. Butyrate was preferable to the denitrifying bacteria because it was capable of releasing more electrons available for denitrification during acetogenesis. The analyses of fluorescence in situ hybridization, scanning electron microscope, and denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis indicated that denitrifying bacteria and volatile fatty acid (VFA)-oxidizing bacteria in the butyrate digester were richer than those in the other digesters. Taken together, addition of nitrate accelerated the decomposition of VFA and simultaneously improved the granulation of anaerobic process.

Keywords
Granulation; Batch processing; Wastewater treatment; Microorganism morphology; Bioreaction
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Enhancement of sludge granulation in anaerobic acetogenesis by addition of nitrate and microbial community analysis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 95, 15 March 2015, Pages 104–111
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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