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Photodynamic therapy of HeLa cell cultures by using LED or laser sources

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
29589 44422 2016 7 PDF Available
Title
Photodynamic therapy of HeLa cell cultures by using LED or laser sources
Abstract

•Photodynamic therapy (PDT) on tumor cell cultures was performed with LED and laser sources.•The feasibility of using a LED lamp as alternative to a laser source is demonstrated.•Light fluence of the appropriate wavelength is the principal characteristic for an effective PDT.

The photodynamic therapy (PDT) on HeLa cell cultures was performed utilizing a 637 nm LED lamp with 1.06 W power and m-tetrahydroxyphenyl chlorin (m-THPC) as photosensitizer and compared to a laser source emitting at 654 nm with the same power. Intracellular placement of the photosensitizer and the effect of its concentration (CP), its absorption time (TA) and the illumination time (TI) were evaluated. It was observed that for CP > 40 μg/ml and TA > 24 h, m-THPC had toxicity on cells in culture, even in the absence of illumination. For the other tested concentrations, the cells remained viable if not subjected to illumination doses. No effect on cells was observed for CP < 0.05 μg/ml, TA = 48 h and TI = 10 min and they continued proliferating. For drug concentrations higher than 0.05 μg ml− 1, further deterioration is observed with increasing TA and TI. We evaluated the viability of the cells, before and after the treatment, and by supravital dyes, and phase contrast and fluorescence microscopies, evidence of different types of cell death was obtained. Tetrazolium dye assays after PDT during different times yielded similar results for the 637 nm LED lamp with an illuminance three times greater than that of the 654 nm laser source. Results demonstrate the feasibility of using a LED lamp as alternative to laser source. Here the main characteristic is not the light coherence but achieving a certain light fluence of the appropriate wavelength on cell cultures. We conclude that the efficacy was achieved satisfactorily and is essential for convenience, accessibility and safety.

Keywords
Photodynamic therapy; HeLa cultures; LED vs LASER; m-THPC
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 160, July 2016, Pages 271–277
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us