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Lipids in photosystem II: Multifunctional cofactors

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
29608 44425 2011 16 PDF Available
Title
Lipids in photosystem II: Multifunctional cofactors
Abstract

To maintain its functionality, photosystem II (PSII) employs several types of auxiliary molecules (cofactors). As shown for PSII from Thermosynechococcus elongatus, lipids previously thought to play mostly the role of a hydrophobic matrix for embedding the membrane proteins, must be considered as a new, multifunctional type of cofactors, playing a vital role in the fine tuning of PSII and in its overall operation. The 2.9 Å resolution crystal structure of cyanobacterial homodimeric PSII showed the position of 25 lipid molecules per monomer, and allowed detailed analysis of individual binding sites as well as functional aspects related to lipids. The positions of the bound lipids suggest that they are essential for the assembly and disassembly of PSII, provide the proper environment for plastoquinone exchange, might tune electron transfer through contacts with chlorophylls and carotenoids, and might serve as an oxygen-outlet system from the lumen.

► PSII harbors at least 25 lipids/monomer, 22 of them being intrinsic lipids. ► Each lipid binding pocket is highly specific for one sort of lipid head group. ► Lipids in PSII are essential for monomer–monomer and protein–protein interactions. ► Lipids modulate binding/properties of other cofactors (Chl, Car, PQ) in PSII. ► Lipids could be important to guide O2 out of the PSII complex.

Keywords
Lipids; Photosystem II; Lipid–protein interactions; Lipid–cofactor interactions; Water oxidation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 104, Issues 1–2, July–August 2011, Pages 19–34
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
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