Peculiar properties of chlorophyll thermoluminescence emission of autotrophically or mixotrophically grown Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
The microalgae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and Chlorella sp. CCAP 211/84 were grown autotrophically and mixotrophically and their thermoluminescence emissions were recorded above 0 °C after excitation by 1, 2 or 3 xenon flashes or by continuous far-red light. An oscillation of the B band intensity according to the number of flashes was always observed, with a maximum after 2 flashes, accompanied by a downshift of the B band temperature maximum in mixotrophic compared to autotrophic grown cells, indicative of a dark stable pH gradient. Moreover, new flash-induced bands emerged in mixotrophic Chlamydomonas grown cells, at temperatures higher than that of the B band. In contrast to the afterglow band observed in higher plants, in Chlamydomonas these bands were not inducible by far-red light, were fully suppressed by 2 μM antimycin A, and peaked at different temperatures depending on the flash number and growth stage, with higher temperature maxima in cells at a stationary compared to an exponential growth stage. These differences are discussed according to the particular properties of cyclic electron transfer pathways in C. reinhardtii.
Research highlights► Thermoluminescence of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii depends on nutritive medium and stage of growth. ► A B band S2/3QB- downshift in mixotrophic vs autotrophic cells shows a dark-stable acidic lumen pH. ► In mixotrophic cells, non-B bands emerge due to an electron transfer from stroma to S2/3QB centers. ► Suppression of these “afterglow” bands by 2 μM antimycin A reveals a role of the FQR cyclic pathway. ► Readdition of iron in mixotrophic cells relaxes the B band downshift and suppresses the non-B bands.
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 104, Issues 1–2, July–August 2011, Pages 301–307