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An outstandingly sensitive enzyme-free glucose sensor prepared by co-deposition of nano-sized cupric oxide and multi-walled carbon nanotubes on glassy carbon electrode

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2969 145 2015 11 PDF Available
Title
An outstandingly sensitive enzyme-free glucose sensor prepared by co-deposition of nano-sized cupric oxide and multi-walled carbon nanotubes on glassy carbon electrode
Abstract

•NanoCuO/MWCNTs nanocomposite was introduced as highly efficient glucose sensor.•DMF/H2O mixture was used for the casting of NanoCuO/MWCNTs on GC electrode.•A synergistic effect was proven between nanoCuO and MWCNTs by EIS study.•RSD and linear range were 3.4%, and 0.5–2000 μM, respectively.•Detection limit and sensitivity were 0.07 μM and 3968.42 μAmM−1 cm−2, respectively.

An amperometric glucose sensor with excellent sensitivity, very low detection limit and low glucose oxidation potential was prepared by casting of suspension of copper oxide (CuO) nanoparticles/multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). Dimethyl formamide (DMF)/H2O (9:1) was used as a new suspending media. Electrochemical activity of the electrode toward the oxidation of glucose was studied using differential pulse voltammetry, cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. A synergistic effect was substantiated between the MWCNTs and nano-CuO for glucose electroxidation. The effects of nanocomposite layer thickness and MWCNTs/CuO mass ratio on the sensor performance were investigated and optimized. The detection limit, and linear range of the sensor were identified as 0.07 (±0.03) μmol L−1 (S/N = 3) and 0.5–2000.0 μmol L−1, respectively, under applied oxidation potential of 0.35 V (vs. Ag/AgCl). The sensor exhibited excellent sensitivity of 3968.42 (±0.84) μA L mmol−1 cm−2 to glucose, being higher than those of the previously reported similar sensors. The determination of glucose (5.0 μmol L−1, n = 5) with the sensor resulted in RSD% of 3.4. Furthermore, the reproducibility of the sensor was equal to 5.7%. The developed sensor was compared with other enzyme-less glucose sensors and its superiority over them was demonstrated reasonably. The optimized sensor was applied to glucose determination in blood samples. The efficiency of the sensor for glucose determination was comparable with that of a commercial enzymatic sensor.

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Keywords
Biosensors; Glucose; Sensors; Heterogeneous reaction; Cupric oxide; Carbon nanotube
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An outstandingly sensitive enzyme-free glucose sensor prepared by co-deposition of nano-sized cupric oxide and multi-walled carbon nanotubes on glassy carbon electrode
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 97, 15 May 2015, Pages 81–91
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us