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Mode of action of tin-based anti-proliferative agents: Biological studies of organotin(IV) derivatives of fatty acids

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
29693 44431 2015 13 PDF Available
Title
Mode of action of tin-based anti-proliferative agents: Biological studies of organotin(IV) derivatives of fatty acids
Abstract

•Tri- and diorganotin(IV) derivatives of fatty acids: new anti-cancer agents.•Enzyme assays indicate that the reactive oxygen species generated in cancer cells.•DNA fragmentation, acridine orange and comet assays support apoptosis.•They exhibit low toxicity and good anti-inflammatory activity.

Some organotin(IV) carboxylates of the general formula RnSn(L)m [n = 3, m = 1, R = Me, Pr, Bu and Ph; n = 2, m = 2, R = Me, Bu and Oct; L = anion of lauric (HLA), stearic (HSA) and myristic acid (HMA)] have been synthesized and characterized by various spectroscopic studies. Tri- and diorganotin(IV) carboxylates adopt trigonal-bipyramidal and octahedral geometry around tin atom, respectively. They have been screened in vitro for anti-tumor activity against cancer cell lines of human origin, viz. MCF-7 (mammary), HEK-293 (kidney), PC-3 (prostate), HCT-15 (colon) and HepG-2 (liver). Enzyme assays viz. lipid peroxidase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and total glutathione assay have been carried out to explore the cause of their cytotoxiciy. The results indicate that ROS (reactive oxygen species) generation may be responsible for their cytotoxicity but elevation in LDH (lactate dehydrogenase) suggests that necrosis cannot be excluded. Further, DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) fragmentation, acridine orange and comet assay support the fact that the apoptosis is the main cause of cytotoxicity of organotin(IV) carboxylates, whereas the necrosis plays a minor role. The anti-inflammatory activity evaluation shows that the complexes possess moderate activity. Results of acute toxicity of the complexes have also been discussed.

Graphical abstractTri- and diorganotin(IV) derivatives of lauric, stearic and myristic acid exhibit distorted trigonal-bipyramidal and distorted octahedral geometry, respectively, and are found to be cytotoxic. They are apoptosis inducers as supported by DNA fragmentation, enzymes, acridine orange and comet assays. They also exhibit good anti-inflammatory activity in vivo and have low toxicity.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 148, July 2015, Pages 88–100
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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