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Preparation, characterization and antibacterial properties of ZnO/kaoline nanocomposites

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
29696 44431 2015 5 PDF Available
Title
Preparation, characterization and antibacterial properties of ZnO/kaoline nanocomposites
Abstract

•Composites ZnO/kaoline (ZinKa) crystallite size less than 100 nm were prepared.•Analytical methods revealed ZnO tightly anchored on the kaoline matrix.•Antibacterial properties induced by daylight were observed due to photocatalysis.•Antibacterial assays found the ZinKa samples to have antibacterial potency.•ZinKa exhibited antibacterial properties to human pathogens.

This paper describes laboratory preparation, characterization and antibacterial activity testing of ZnO/kaoline composites. ZnO/kaoline composites with 50 wt.% of ZnO were laboratory prepared, dried at 105 °C and calcined at 500 °C. XRPD analysis revealed that thermal treatment caused the phase transformation of Zn containing precursor into ZnO. Scanning and transmission electron microscopy techniques were used for characterization of morphology of the prepared samples. A standard microdilution test was used for evaluation of antibacterial activity using four common human pathogens (Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis and Pseudomonas aeruginosa). Daylight was used for induction photocatalytically based antibacterial activity. Second possible explanation of antibacterial activity of ZnO/kaoline could be the presence of biologically available forms of zinc. During the antibacterial activity assays the ZnO/kaoline composites exhibited antibacterial activity, where differences in an onset of the antibacterial activity and activity against bacterial strains were observed. The highest antibacterial activity was observed against S. aureus, where the lowest value of minimum inhibitory concentration was determined equal to 0.41 mg/ml.

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Preparation, characterization and antibacterial properties of ZnO/kaoline nanocomposites
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 148, July 2015, Pages 113–117
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
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Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
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