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Production and extraction optimization of xylanase and β-mannanase by Penicillium chrysogenum QML-2 and primary application in saccharification of corn cob

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2971 145 2015 10 PDF Available
Title
Production and extraction optimization of xylanase and β-mannanase by Penicillium chrysogenum QML-2 and primary application in saccharification of corn cob
Abstract

•Xylanase and β-mannanase production by Penicillium chrysogenum QML-2 was optimized.•Extraction of xylanase and β-mannanase was optimized.•Optimization resulted in 10.31-fold increase for xylanase activity.•Optimization resulted in 8.13-fold increase for β-mannanase activity.•The crude enzymes showed potential application in saccharification of corn cob.

Significant variables for production of xylanase and β-mannanase including moisture content, initial pH and inoculum size and significant variables for enzymes extraction including volume of solvent, extraction time and agitation speed were screened and optimized, respectively. With the use of mixture of corn stover powder and wheat bran as substrates and double distilled water as solvent for enzymes extraction, maximum xylanase activity (19613.25 U/g) and β-mannanase activity (8479.82 U/g) could be obtained under the optimized conditions [moisture content 74.0%, initial pH 4.5, inoculum size 11.6% (v/w), volume of solvent 16.0 ml/g dry substrate, extraction time 108 min and agitation speed 172 rpm]. Cellulases activities including endoglucanase activity (195.13 U/g), filter paper activity (41.87 U/g) and β-glucosidase activity (132.63 U/g) were obtained concomitantly. Compared with xylanase activity (1734.78 U/g) and β-mannanase activity (928.41 U/g) under initial conditions, optimization resulted in 10.31-fold increase for xylanase activity and 8.13-fold increase for β-mannanase activity, respectively. The crude enzymes solution was suitable for saccharification of aqueous ammonia solution pretreated corn cob powder and maximum yields of xylose (236.63 mg/g) and reducing sugar (553.94 mg/g) were obtained.

Keywords
Xylanase; β-mannanase; Optimization; Production; Extraction; Saccharification
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Production and extraction optimization of xylanase and β-mannanase by Penicillium chrysogenum QML-2 and primary application in saccharification of corn cob
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 97, 15 May 2015, Pages 101–110
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us