fulltext.study @t Gmail

UV radiation may explain intercity difference for cataract in A-bomb survivors

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
29741 44434 2011 6 PDF Available
Title
UV radiation may explain intercity difference for cataract in A-bomb survivors
Abstract

Accurate assessment of risk factors is important for the evaluation of radiation-induced ocular lens damage. Our previous study identified a significant city difference between Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic-bomb survivors in terms of cataract prevalence, prompting further analysis. This study analyzed the sites of lens opacities and used model fitting that incorporated the variable impact of UV on the eye, based on the hypothesis that the city difference in the prevalence of cataract was due to differences in UV radiation between the two cities. The results suggested that cataracts among Nagasaki residents were more frequently located at the inferior nasal portion of the lens compared to cataracts in Hiroshima residents, with no ionizing radiation-specific localization observed. Based on the angles of incidence, UV was suggested as a possible cause of the city difference. We therefore analyzed models of city differences in terms of UVA and UVB levels. The UVB model provided a better fit than the UVA model, suggesting that UVB might account for the city difference. The current study implicated the geographic location of the subject, the investigation period, and outdoor activities as potentially important surrogate factors for UVB influence in radiation-induced cataract. In addition, the superior temporal portion of the lens seemed the most suitable for evaluating the effects of ionizing radiation because of the lesser amount of UVB interference at that site.

Research highlights► We accounted for differences in cataract prevalence between Hiroshima and Nagasaki. ► Cataracts in Nagasaki are more localized in the nasal or inferior portions than those in Hiroshima. ► Models with UV doses explain well the differences in cataract prevalence between the two cities.

Keywords
A-bomb radiation; A-bomb survivors; Cataract prevalence; UVA and UVB
First Page Preview
UV radiation may explain intercity difference for cataract in A-bomb survivors
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 103, Issue 2, 3 May 2011, Pages 105–110
Authors
, , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us