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In vitro studies on the mechanisms involved in chemoprevention using Calluna vulgaris on vascular endothelial cells exposed to UVB

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
29761 44436 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
In vitro studies on the mechanisms involved in chemoprevention using Calluna vulgaris on vascular endothelial cells exposed to UVB
Abstract

•The effect of UVB on HUVECs pretreated with Calluna vulgaris (Cv) extract was studied.•UVB exposure increased MDA and γ-H2AX levels, induced apoptosis and activated NF-κB.•2.5 μg GAE/mlCv improved antioxidant defense, reduced DNA lesions and cell death.•7.5 μg GAE/ml Cv was prooxidant, increased DNA lesions, cell death, activated NF-κB.•The photochemopreventive effect of Cv extract on UVB exposed HUVECs was dose dependent.

The study aims to investigate the mechanisms involved in the in vitro effect of UVB on endothelial vascular cells (HUVECs) pretreated with a photochemopreventive agent, the Calluna vulgaris (Cv) extract.Two concentrations of Cv, below the limit of cytotoxicity IC50 (2.5 and 7.5 μg GAE/ml) and two doses of UVB (50 and 100 mJ/cm2) were used. Oxidative stress parameters were quantified at 1 h and 24 h after irradiation and apoptosis, DNA damage and the induction/activation of NF-κB were evaluated at 24 h.UVB exposure led to the formation of lipid peroxides in a dose dependent manner (p < 0.001), induced apoptosis, increased the γ-H2AX levels and the activation of NF-κB. Pretreatment with 2.5 μg GAE/ml Cv improved the antioxidant defense, protected against DNA lesions and was able to decrease cellular death at low dose of irradiation. 7.5 μg GAE/ml Cv was prooxidant, favored the formation of DNA lesions, amplified the NF-κB activation UVB-induced (p < 0.01) and led to high levels of cellular death. Both doses of Cv inhibited caspase-3 activation.The modulatory effect of Cv extract on endothelial cells exposed to UVB depend on the concentration of Cv used. This study provides insides into the mechanisms triggered by UVB and antioxidants on skin endothelial cells.

Keywords
Calluna vulgaris; HUVEC; Apoptosis; Oxidative stress; DNA lesions
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In vitro studies on the mechanisms involved in chemoprevention using Calluna vulgaris on vascular endothelial cells exposed to UVB
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 136, 5 July 2014, Pages 54–61
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us