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Inhibition of electron transport chain assembly and function promotes photodynamic killing of Candida

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
29767 44439 2010 9 PDF Available
Title
Inhibition of electron transport chain assembly and function promotes photodynamic killing of Candida
Abstract

Respiratory deficiency increases the sensitivity of the pathogenic fungi Candida albicans and Candida glabrata to oxidative stress induced by photodynamic therapy (PDT) sensitized by the cationic porphyrin meso-tetra (N-methyl-4-pyridyl) porphine tetra tosylate (TMP-1363). Since disruption of electron transport chain (ETC) function increases intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species in yeast, we determined whether interference with ETC assembly or function increased sensitivity to TMP-1363-PDT in C. albicans, C. glabrata and the non-pathogenic yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Metabolic inhibitor antimycin A and defined genetic mutants were used to identify ETC components that contribute to the sensitivity to PDT. Inhibition of cytochrome bc1 (Complex III) with antimycin A increases mitochondrial levels of reactive oxygen species. PDT performed following pre-treatment with antimycin A reduced colony forming units (CFU) of C. albicans and C. glabrata by approximately two orders of magnitude relative to PDT alone. A S. cerevisiae mitochondrial glutaredoxin grx5 mutant, defective in assembly of Fe–S clusters critical for Complex III function, displayed increased sensitivity to PDT. Furthermore, C. glabrata and S.cerevisiae mutants in cytochrome c oxidase (Complex IV) synthesis and assembly were also significantly more sensitive to PDT. These included suv3, encoding an ATP-dependent RNA helicase critical for maturation of cytochrome c oxidase subunit transcripts, and pet117, encoding an essential cytochrome c oxidase assembly factor. Following PDT, the reduction in CFU of these mutants was one to two orders of magnitude greater than in their respective parental strains. The data demonstrate that selective inhibition of ETC Complexes III and IV significantly increases the sensitivity of C. albicans, C. glabrata and S. cerevisiae to PDT sensitized with TMP-1363.

Keywords
Photodynamic therapy; Candida; Oxidative stress; Respiration
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Inhibition of electron transport chain assembly and function promotes photodynamic killing of Candida
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 99, Issue 3, 1 June 2010, Pages 117–125
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us