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The efficacy of Radachlorin-mediated photodynamic therapy in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
29786 44440 2015 6 PDF Available
Title
The efficacy of Radachlorin-mediated photodynamic therapy in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells
Abstract

•Radachlorin–photodynamic therapy effects were compared between HepG2 and HFLF-PI4 cells.•HepG2 cells are more sensitive to Radachlorin–photodynamic therapy than HFLF-PI4 cells.•Radachlorin-mediated photodynamic therapy induces apoptosis in the HepG2 cells.

BackgroundPhotodynamic therapy (PDT) is a relatively novel modality for the treatment of cancer and some non-malignant lesions. PDT uses a photosensitive drug and light to destroy malignant cells. The aim of this study was to determine in vitro efficacy of Radachlorin-based PDT (Radachlorin-PDT) on human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).MethodsThe study used human liver cancer cells (HepG2) and normal liver cells (HFLF-PI4) to evaluate cell viability using the standard 2-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-3,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The mechanism of cell death following Radachlorin-PDT was determined by DNA agarose gel electrophoresis and flow cytometry.ResultsRadachlorin without light irradiation had no toxic effect on HepG2 and HFLF-PI4 cells. Cell survival of HepG2 and HFLF-PI4 cells were decreased following PDT in a concentration-dependent manner. However, HepG2 cells were much more sensitive to Radachlorin-PDT than HFLF-PI4 cells. Radachlorin LD50 on HepG2 cells was 30 μg/ml and 20 μg/ml, 24 h after exposure to doses of 5 J/cm2 and 15, or 25 J/cm2, respectively. Optimal Radachlorin and light dose to kill HepG2 cells with minimal effects on normal HFLF-PI4 cells were 100 μg/ml and 15 J/cm2, respectively. Our results also showed that apoptosis is induced in HepG2 cells following Radachlorin-PDT.ConclusionOur in vitro data suggest that the use of PDT with Radachlorin can be effective in the treatment of HCC.

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The efficacy of Radachlorin-mediated photodynamic therapy in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 142, January 2015, Pages 86–91
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us