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Survival of Pseudomonas aeruginosa exposed to sunlight resembles the phenom of persistence

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
29802 44440 2015 5 PDF Available
Title
Survival of Pseudomonas aeruginosa exposed to sunlight resembles the phenom of persistence
Abstract

•Current models describing solar inactivation of bacteria fail at high doses.•Persistent bacteria seem to tolerate the deleterious action of sunlight.•Persistence could limit the efficacy of solar water disinfection.

During exposure of Pseudomonas aeruginosa stationary phase cells to natural solar radiation, a reduction in the rate of loss of bacterial viability was observed when survival fractions were lower than 1/10,000. This reduction was independent of the growth medium used and of the initial bacterial concentration, and was also observed when irradiation was performed with artificial UVA radiation (365 nm, 47 W m−2). These results indicate the presence of a small bacterial subpopulation with increased tolerance to radiation. Such a tolerance is non-heritable, since survival curves comparable to those of the parental strain were obtained from survivors to long-term exposure to radiation. The radiation response described here resembles the phenomenon called persistence, which consists of the presence of a small subpopulation of slow-growing cells which are able to survive antibiotic treatment within a susceptible bacterial population. The condition of persister cells is acquired via a reversible switch and involves active defense systems towards oxidative stress. Persistence is probably responsible for biphasic responses of bacteria to several stress conditions, one of which may be exposure to sunlight. The models currently used to analyze the lethal action of sunlight overestimate the effect of high-dose irradiation. These models could be improved by including the potential formation of persister cells.

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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 142, January 2015, Pages 232–236
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
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Price was $35.95
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