Extracellular biosynthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles using Rhodococcus pyridinivorans NT2: Multifunctional textile finishing, biosafety evaluation and in vitro drug delivery in colon carcinoma
•Low-cost, up-scalable, one pot synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles by microbial route.•Nanoparticles were stable, hexagonal phase, roughly spherical and 100–120 nm in size.•UV-blocking, self-cleaning and anti-bacterial properties after coating on cotton.•Preferential ability to kill HT-29 cancerous cells as compared to normal cells.•The mechanism involved for the biosynthesis is proposed.
In this study, zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) were rapidly synthesized from zinc sulfate solution at room temperature using a metabolically versatile actinobacteria Rhodococcus pyridinivorans NT2. The morphology, structure and stability of the synthesized ZnO NPs were studied using UV–visible absorption spectroscopy, X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Zeta potential, and thermogravimetry. The data indicated that the synthesized nanoparticles were moderately stable, hexagonal phase, roughly spherical with average particle diameter in the range of 100–120 nm. Results obtained on examination of protein expression revealed that cell enzymes and extracellular protein systems of Rhodococcus sp. may take part in synthesis process. Furthermore, the ZnO NPs were coated onto textile fabrics to enhance UV-blocking, self-cleaning and antibacterial properties. Ultraviolet protecting factor (UPF) indicating UV-blocking properties of ZnO NPs coated textile fabrics were determined as 65, 88, 121, 172 and 241 for 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 g m−2 of ZnO NPs, respectively. Besides, self-cleaning activity was assessed by investigating photocatalytic activity on malachite green as well as antibacterial activity against aerobic Gram-positive Staphylococcus epidermidis NCIM 2493 (ATCC 12228). The antibacterial effects of these textiles were evaluated using ISO 20743 standard. In addition, ZnO NPs exhibited a preferential ability to kill HT-29 cancerous cells as compared with normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs).
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Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 140, November 2014, Pages 194–204