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Enzymatic biodiesel production of microalgae lipids under supercritical carbon dioxide: Process optimization and integration

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
2998 147 2014 11 PDF Available
Title
Enzymatic biodiesel production of microalgae lipids under supercritical carbon dioxide: Process optimization and integration
Abstract

•Enzymatic production of biodiesel from microalgae lipids in SC-CO2 was studied.•Effect of temperature and methanol:lipid molar ratio were investigated and optimized.•Kinetic parameters of Ping-Pong Bi Bi model with methanol inhibition were determined.•Effect of methanol:lipid molar ratio and enzyme stability were tested in an integrated continuous extraction–reaction system.•Enzyme bed activity was regenerated by tert-butanol washing.

Enzymatic biodiesel production in supercritical CO2 (SC-CO2) has recently received an increasing attention, as an alternative to the conventional chemical processes. In this study, enzymatic production of biodiesel from microalgal lipids was investigated in batch and integrated extraction-reaction systems. In the batch system, the effect of enzyme loading (15–50 wt%), temperature (35–55 °C) and methanol to lipid molar ratios (3–15:1) were studied, and response surface methodology was employed to optimize selected factors effect. The optimum transesterification yield of 80% was obtained at 47 °C, 200 bar, 35% enzyme loading, and 9:1 molar ratio after 4 h reaction in the batch system. The experimental results were also used to determine the kinetics parameters of the Ping-Pong Bi Bi model, with methanol inhibition, suggested to describe the reaction.In the continuous integrated extraction-reaction system, the effect of methanol to lipids molar ratio was investigated, and enzyme operational stability and reusability were tested. Bed regeneration by tert-butanol washing was also assessed. The optimum methanol to lipid ratio was found to be 10:1. At this ratio, the enzyme was able to attain 78% of its original activity when reused for 6 continuous cycles, and the bed was successfully reused by washing with tert-butanol.

Keywords
Lipase; Biodiesel; Microalgae lipid; Supercritical CO2; Production kinetics; Process integration
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Enzymatic biodiesel production of microalgae lipids under supercritical carbon dioxide: Process optimization and integration
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 90, 15 September 2014, Pages 103–113
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us