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Comparing the diel vertical migration of Karlodinium veneficum (dinophyceae) and Chattonella subsalsa (Raphidophyceae): PSII photochemistry, circadian control, and carbon assimilation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
30059 44457 2015 13 PDF Available
Title
Comparing the diel vertical migration of Karlodinium veneficum (dinophyceae) and Chattonella subsalsa (Raphidophyceae): PSII photochemistry, circadian control, and carbon assimilation
Abstract

•Diel vertical migration differed between the two species.•PSII activities and photosynthesis (14C assimilation) differed between species and was used to interpret DVM behaviors of each species.•PSII fluorescence parameters did not appear to free run in constant conditions.•DVM rhythm continued to free run in C. subsalsa, but not K. veneficum.

Diel vertical migration (DVM) is thought to provide an adaptive advantage to some phytoplankton, and may help determine the ecological niche of certain harmful algae. Here we separately compared DVM patterns between two species of harmful algae isolated from the Delaware Inland Bays, Karlodinium veneficum and Chattonella subsalsa, in laboratory columns. We interpreted the DVM patterns of each species with Photosystem II (PSII) photochemistry, rates of carbon assimilation, and specific growth rates. Each species migrated differently, wherein K. veneficum migrated closer to the surface each day with high population synchrony, while C. subsalsa migrated near to the surface from the first day of measurements with low population synchrony. Both species appeared to downregulate PSII in high light at the surface, but by different mechanisms. C. subsalsa grew slower than K. veneficum in low light intensities (≈bottom of columns), and exhibited maximal rates of C-assimilation (Pmax) at surface light intensities, suggesting this species may prefer high light, potentially explaining this species’ rapid surface migration. Contrastingly, K. veneficum showed declines in carbon assimilation at surface light intensities, and exhibited a smaller reduction in growth at low (bottom) light intensities (compared to C. subsalsa), suggesting that this species’ step-wise migration was photoacclimative and determined daily migration depth. DVM was found to be under circadian control in C. subsalsa, but not in K. veneficum. However, there was little evidence for circadian regulation of PSII photochemistry in either species. Migration conformed to each species’ physiology, and the results contribute to our understanding each alga’s realized environmental niche.

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Comparing the diel vertical migration of Karlodinium veneficum (dinophyceae) and Chattonella subsalsa (Raphidophyceae): PSII photochemistry, circadian control, and carbon assimilation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 143, February 2015, Pages 107–119
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us