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Antibacterial effect and mechanism of high-intensity 405 ± 5 nm light emitting diode on Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus under refrigerated condition

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
30102 44460 2015 7 PDF Available
Title
Antibacterial effect and mechanism of high-intensity 405 ± 5 nm light emitting diode on Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus under refrigerated condition
Abstract

•The 405 nm illumination inactivated the selected Gram-positive pathogens.•Staphylococcus aureus was the most resistant strain to the LED illumination.•The inactivation by LED might be due to physical damage to bacterial membrane.•405 nm LED may be a promising technology in eliminating these pathogens on foods.

This study investigated the antibacterial effect of 405 ± 5 nm light emitting diode (LED) on Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus, and examined its antibacterial mechanism by determining the bacterial membrane and DNA damages. A 405 ± 5 nm LED illuminated the Gram-positive pathogens until 486 J/cm2 at 4 °C. Weibull model was used to calculate reliable life (tR) to compare bacterial sensitivities to LED illumination. The membrane damage was determined by NaCl and LIVE/DEAD® assay, while comet assay and DNA ladder analysis were conducted to determine DNA degradation. The illumination resulted in 1.9, 2.1, and 1.0 log reductions for B. cereus, L. monocytogenes, and S. aureus at 486 J/cm2, respectively. The comparison of tR values revealed that L. monocytogenes was identified as the most susceptible strain to LED illumination. The percentage of the bacterial sensitivity to NaCl remarkably increased in LED-illuminated cells compared to non-illuminated cells. Moreover, loss of membrane integrity was confirmed for LED-illuminated cells by LIVE/DEAD® assay, whereas no DNA breakage was indicated by comet assay and DNA ladder analysis. Thus, these findings suggest that the antibacterial effect of 405 ± 5 nm LED illumination on these pathogens might be due to physical damage to bacterial membrane rather than DNA degradation.

Keywords
405 nm light emitting diode; Photodynamic inactivation; Gram-positive foodborne pathogens; Membrane permeability; DNA damage
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Antibacterial effect and mechanism of high-intensity 405 ± 5 nm light emitting diode on Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphylococcus aureus under refrigerated condition
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 153, December 2015, Pages 33–39
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us