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Measuring sun exposure in epidemiological studies: Matching the method to the research question

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
30143 44460 2015 7 PDF Available
Title
Measuring sun exposure in epidemiological studies: Matching the method to the research question
Abstract

•Research examining sun exposure and health requires appropriate measurement.•Best measures depend on research question, feasibility, cost and participant burden.•We provide a systematic approach to selection of sun exposure measures.

Sun exposure has risks and benefits for health. Testing these associations requires tools for measuring sun exposure that are feasible and relevant to the time-course of the health outcome. Recent sun exposure, e.g. the last week, is best captured by dosimeters and sun diaries. These can also be used for medium-term sun exposure e.g. over several weeks, but incur a high participant burden. Self-reported data on “typical time outdoors” for working and non-working days, is less detailed and not influenced by day-to-day variation. Over a longer period, e.g. the lifetime, or for particular life stages, proxies of sun exposure, such as latitude of residence or ambient ultraviolet (UV) radiation levels (from satellites or ground-level monitoring) can be used, with additional detail provided by lifetime sun exposure calendars that include locations of residence, usual time outdoors, and detail of sunburn episodes. Objective measures of lifetime sun exposure include microtopography of sun-exposed skin (e.g. using silicone casts) or conjunctival UV autofluorescence. Potential modifiers of the association between sun exposure and the health outcome, such as clothing coverage and skin colour, may also need to be measured. We provide a systematic approach to selecting sun exposure measures for use in epidemiological health research.

Keywords
Sun exposure; Measurement; Epidemiology; Ultraviolet radiation; Dosimeter; Sun diary
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Measuring sun exposure in epidemiological studies: Matching the method to the research question
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 153, December 2015, Pages 373–379
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us