Differential responses in photosynthesis, growth and biomass yields in two mulberry genotypes grown under elevated CO2 atmosphere
•Drought tolerant (S13) and drought susceptible (K2) mulberry genotypes were examined.•Leaf gas exchange, chlorophyll a fluorescence and biomass yields were measured.•Biomass yields were related to photosynthetic rates and PS-II efficiency.•S13 showed superior photosynthetic responses under elevated CO2 compared to K2.•Our study will be useful to select suitable genotype for changing climate scenario.
This study was aimed to examine the responses of two mulberry genotypes (Morus alba L.), which include a drought tolerant (DT) Selection-13 (S13) and a drought susceptible (DS) Kanva-2 (K2) grown under elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration ([CO2]) of 550 μmol mol−1. Although both genotypes exhibited positive responses to elevated CO2, S13 showed higher light saturated photosynthetic rates (A′) and apparent quantum efficiency (AQE), suggesting better Rubisco carboxylation. Increased water use efficiency (WUEi) in elevated CO2 grown S13 (ES13) was due to reduced stomatal conductance (gs) and transpiration (E). Elevated CO2 significantly increased chlorophyll a fluorescence characteristics including maximum quantum yield of primary photochemistry (FV/FM) and performance index (PIABS) suggesting an improved photosystem-II efficiency in both genotypes compared to their respective controls. Even though ES13 showed superior photosynthetic performance, accumulation of soluble and insoluble sugars (starch) were significantly low compared to elevated CO2 grown K2 (EK2), demonstrating higher sink capacity in ES13, which in turn resulted in better biomass yields. We conclude that S13 could be a potential genotype for mulberry-based short rotation forestry (SRF) to mitigate increasing atmospheric [CO2] as well as for the production of carbon neutral renewable bio-energy.
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 151, October 2015, Pages 172–179