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The effect of micro-environment on luminescence of aequorin: The role of amino acids and explicit water molecules on spectroscopic properties of coelenteramide

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
30328 44469 2013 6 PDF Available
Title
The effect of micro-environment on luminescence of aequorin: The role of amino acids and explicit water molecules on spectroscopic properties of coelenteramide
Abstract

•The effect of amino acids residues and explicit water molecules on the spectral properties has been studied.•The motion of Trp86 could change the hydrogen bond network.•The Natural Bond Orbital method (NBO) has been employed to analyze internal charge transfer of CLM−.•The greater electron density is located at O atom of 6-p-hydroxyphenyl group. It is helpful to formation hydrogen bond.

Despite the fact that the luminescence reaction mechanism of aequorin has been intensively investigated, details in luminescence such as the effect of important amino acids residues and explicit water molecules on spectroscopic properties of coelenteramide remain unclear. In this work, the effect of amino acids residues His16, Tyr82, Trp86, Phe113, Trp129, Tyr132, explicit water molecules Wat505 and Wat405 on the spectral properties of CLM− has been studied by CAM-B3LYP, TD M06L and TD CAM-B3LYP methods in hydrophobic environment and aqueous solution. In hydrophobic environment, the amino acids or water molecules have no significant effect on the absorption. Tyr82 and Trp86 move close to CLM− changes the hydrogen bond network, and thus, the spectral properties is significantly affected by the hydrogen bonds between His16H++Tyr82 + Trp86 and CLM−. Tyr82, Trp86 hydrogen bonding to CLM− upshifts the excited energy and helps emission spectra shift to blue region. Therefore, it is concluded that His16H++Tyr82 + Trp86 modify the emission spectra. The molecular electrostatic potential indicated that the greater electron density is located at the oxygen atom of 6-p-hydroxyphenyl group of CLM−, and it facilitates the formation of hydrogen bond with His16H++Tyr82 + Trp86. It is a critical condition for the modification of emission spectra. It is expected to help to understand the interactions between emitter and amino acids in the micro environment.

Graphical abstractThe work has the merit of approaching the problem by checking the effect of the protein environment by a systematic inclusion of amino acids and waters. His16+Tyr82+Trp86 significantly affect spectral properties by hydrogen bonds. Trp86 moves to CLM− helps the system to be stable after His16 protonated.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Aequorin; Bioluminescence; Density Functional Calculations
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The effect of micro-environment on luminescence of aequorin: The role of amino acids and explicit water molecules on spectroscopic properties of coelenteramide
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 127, 5 October 2013, Pages 94–99
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us