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Fluorescence spectroscopic characterization of salivary metabolites of oral cancer patients

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
30433 44478 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
Fluorescence spectroscopic characterization of salivary metabolites of oral cancer patients
Abstract

•Saliva has been considered as it has many diagnostically potential metabolites.•The fluorescence spectroscopic studies confirm the presence of excess porphyrin in the saliva of oral cancer patients.•The presence of porphyrin may be attributed to alteration on heme biosynthetic and/or amino acid degradation pathway(s).•Discrimination of oral cancer patients from normal using fluorescence spectroscopy of saliva with statistical significancy.

A pilot study has been carried out using human saliva in differentiating the normal subjects from that of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) patients, using the autofluorescence spectroscopy at 405 nm excitation. A markable difference in the spectral signatures between the saliva of normal subjects and that of oral cancer patients has been noticed. The possible reasons for the altered spectral signature may be due to the presence of endogenous porphyrin, NAD(P)H and FAD in the exfoliated cells from saliva. The elevated level of porphyrin in saliva of OSCC patients may be attributed to the disturbances in the amino acid degradation pathway and heme biosynthetic pathway, during the transformation of normal into malignant cells. The integrated area under the curve of fluorescence emission spectrum at 405 nm excitation and also fluorescence excitation spectrum for 625 nm emission were compared for the saliva of normal and oral cancer patients. The area under the curve for the emission spectrum provides 85.7% sensitivity and 93.3% specificity, where as the fluorescence excitation spectrum discriminates the same with 84.1% sensitivity and 93.2% specificity.

Keywords
Saliva autofluorescence; Oral cancer; Metabolomic markers; Intrinsic fluorophores; Excited state kinetics
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Fluorescence spectroscopic characterization of salivary metabolites of oral cancer patients
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 130, 5 January 2014, Pages 153–160
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us