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Photodynamic inactivation mechanism of Streptococcus mitis sensitized by zinc(II) 2,9,16,23-tetrakis[2-(N,N,N-trimethylamino)ethoxy]phthalocyanine

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
30547 44485 2013 9 PDF Available
Title
Photodynamic inactivation mechanism of Streptococcus mitis sensitized by zinc(II) 2,9,16,23-tetrakis[2-(N,N,N-trimethylamino)ethoxy]phthalocyanine
Abstract

•Mechanistic aspects of Streptococcus mitis photoinactivation were investigated.•Singlet molecular oxygen is mainly involved in the S. mitis cells photoinactivation.•Modifications of genomic DNA from S. mitis were not found after photoinactivation.•Photoinactivated S. mitis cells showed alteration in the cell barriers.

Photoinactivation of Streptococcus mitis induced by zinc(II) 2,9,16,23-tetrakis[2-(N,N,N-trimethylamino)ethoxy]phthalocyanine (ZnEPc4+) was studied under different experimental condition in order to obtain information about the photodynamic processes and the cellular damage. A 3 log decrease in S. mitis survival was found in cell suspensions (∼2 × 108 cells/mL) incubated with 2 μM ZnEPc4+ and irradiated for 30 min with visible light (54 J/cm2). Also, S. mitis cells growth was not detected in broth treated with 5 μM ZnEPc4+ under continuous irradiation. Studies of photodynamic action mechanism showed that the cells were protected in the presence of azide ion, while the addition of mannitol did not produce a significant effect on the survival. Moreover, the photocytotoxicity was increased in D2O indicating the interference of singlet molecular oxygen. On the other hand, it was found that ZnEPc4+ interacts strongly with calf thymus DNA in solution but photocleavage of DNA was only detected after long irradiation periods. After S. mitis photoinactivation, modifications of genomic DNA were not observed by electrophoresis. In contrast, the transmission electron microscopy showed structural changes in the S. mitis cells, exhibiting mesosome-like structures. After 2 h irradiation, the cytoplasm showed segregation patterns and PDI appeared to have effects on the cell wall, including variability in wall thickness. Also, the presence of bubbles was detected on the cell surface by scanning electron microscopy. However, the photodamage to the cell envelope was insufficient to cause the release of intracellular biopolymers. Therefore, modifications in the cytoplasmic biomolecules and alteration in the cell barriers could be mainly involved in S. mitis photoinactivation. It can be concluded that photosensitization by ZnEPc4+ mainly involved a type II photoprocess, while alteration in the cytoplasmatic components and modifications in the cell envelope were the major cause for the photoinactivation of S. mitis.

Keywords
Cationic phthalocyanine; Streptococcus mitis; Photoinactivation; DNA; Antimicrobial
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Photodynamic inactivation mechanism of Streptococcus mitis sensitized by zinc(II) 2,9,16,23-tetrakis[2-(N,N,N-trimethylamino)ethoxy]phthalocyanine
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 125, 5 August 2013, Pages 179–187
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us