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Lipopeptide biosurfactant production by chitosan-immobilized Bacillus sp. GY19 and their recovery by foam fractionation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3056 149 2015 8 PDF Available
Title
Lipopeptide biosurfactant production by chitosan-immobilized Bacillus sp. GY19 and their recovery by foam fractionation
Abstract

•Presence of chitosan solved foaming problem in stirred tank fermenter.•Lipopeptide production by immobilized bacteria was repeatable at least 6 cycles.•Addition of palm oils to waste glycerol based medium increased lipopeptide yield.•Lipopeptides were easily recovered from culture medium by foam fractionation.•Foamate containing lipopeptides could be used directly for petroleum remediation.

Bacillus sp. GY19 was immobilized on chitosan to increase cell density and facilitate lipopeptide production. Palm oil was added to a waste glycerol based medium as precursor for the lipopeptides. The immobilized cells could be reused in stirred tank fermenter for at least 6 cycles with an optimal condition of 80 g/L immobilized cells, 10% (v/v) waste glycerol and 1.25% (v/v) palm oil. The highest lipopeptide concentration observed during the steady state was 7.12 g/L. The presence of chitosan in the fermenter reduced foaming problems due to its absorption property, which could interrupt the aggregation of air bubble and lipopeptides. The lipopeptides were separated and purified from the culture medium by a simple design foam fractionation unit. The amounts of lipopeptides in foamate produced from palm oil and crude palm oil added culture media were 10.9 and 9.8 g/L, respectively. HPLC profile of lipopeptide extracted from the foamate had less impurity peaks than that from the culture medium. Both foamate samples showed 100% oil displacement efficiency with diesel oil, followed by Arabian light oil and heavy oil. It is thus possible to apply the sequential lipopeptide production and recovery process for producing a ready-to-use foamate for petroleum remediation.

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Keywords
Lipopeptide production; Immobilization; Chitosan; Fermentation; Downstream processing; Optimization
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Lipopeptide biosurfactant production by chitosan-immobilized Bacillus sp. GY19 and their recovery by foam fractionation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 93, 15 January 2015, Pages 47–54
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us