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Pre-visual detection of iron and phosphorus deficiency by transformed reflectance spectra

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
30569 44487 2006 9 PDF Available
Title
Pre-visual detection of iron and phosphorus deficiency by transformed reflectance spectra
Abstract

Reflectance spectroscopy and strategies for spectral analysis over the visible range from 380 to 780 nm were used to provide diagnostic information on iron (Fe) and phosphorus (P) status of Brassica chinensis L. var parachinensis (Bailey) grown under hydroponics conditions. Leaf reflectance (R) spectra were collected and normalized inner reflectance (NRI) spectra were calculated. The regression coefficients (B-matrix) and variable importance for projection (VIP) in partial least squares regression were used to determine important wavelengths that correlate with total chlorophyll (Chl) content. No single wavelength that showed good correlation with Chl content was found. Therefore, NRI was transformed into CIELAB color values, which simplified the whole visible spectrum into three values. Our results showed that upon Fe deprivation, plants entered into a deficiency state very rapidly, highlighting the importance of early diagnosis. The direct effect of Fe on leaf Chl content allowed CIELAB color values to be used for pre-visual detection of Fe deficiency 2 days before the appearance of visually distinguishable morphological changes. On the other hand, P-deprived plants showed a marked decline in cellular P levels but remained above critical threshold concentrations after 7 days. The Chl content was not affected by the leaf P content and CIELAB color values showed no difference with control plants.

Keywords
Chlorophyll; CIELAB color space; Iron deficiency; Partial least squares regression; Phosphorus deficiency; Reflectance spectroscopy
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Pre-visual detection of iron and phosphorus deficiency by transformed reflectance spectra
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 85, Issue 2, 1 November 2006, Pages 131–139
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us