In vitro DNA binding studies of Aspartame, an artificial sweetener
A number of small molecules bind directly and selectively to DNA, by inhibiting replication, transcription or topoisomerase activity. In this work the interaction of native calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) with Aspartame (APM), an artificial sweeteners was studied at physiological pH. DNA binding study of APM is useful to understand APM–DNA interaction mechanism and to provide guidance for the application and design of new and safer artificial sweeteners. The interaction was investigated using spectrophotometric, spectrofluorometric competition experiment and circular dichroism (CD). Hypochromism and red shift are shown in UV absorption band of APM. A strong fluorescence quenching reaction of DNA to APM was observed and the binding constants (Kf) of DNA with APM and corresponding number of binding sites (n) were calculated at different temperatures. Thermodynamic parameters, enthalpy changes (ΔH) and entropy changes (ΔS) were calculated to be +181 kJ mol−1 and +681 J mol−1 K−1 according to Van’t Hoff equation, which indicated that reaction is predominantly entropically driven. Moreover, spectrofluorometric competition experiment and circular dichroism (CD) results are indicative of non-intercalative DNA binding nature of APM. We suggest that APM interacts with calf thymus DNA via groove binding mode with an intrinsic binding constant of 5 × 10+4 M−1.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► Whole Aspartame and DNA interaction was studied via different spectroscopic methods. ► Some results have been portended that Aspartame was a DNA non-intercalator. ► Competitive studies proved its minor groove binding nature.
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 120, 5 March 2013, Pages 104–110