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UV-B and UV-C pre-treatments induce physiological changes and artemisinin biosynthesis in Artemisia annua L. – An antimalarial plant

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
30709 44497 2011 10 PDF Available
Title
UV-B and UV-C pre-treatments induce physiological changes and artemisinin biosynthesis in Artemisia annua L. – An antimalarial plant
Abstract

Present study was undertaken to investigate if short-term UV-B (4.2 kJ m−2 day−1) and UV-C (5.7 kJ m−2 day−1), pre-treatments can induce artemisinin biosynthesis in Artemisia annua. Twenty-one day old Artemisia seedlings were subjected to short-term (14 days) UV pre-treatment in an environmentally controlled growth chamber and then transplanted to the field under natural conditions. Treatment of A. annua with artificial UV-B and UV-C radiation not only altered the growth responses, biomass, pigment content and antioxidant enzyme activity but enhanced the secondary metabolites (artemisinin and flavonoid) content at all developmental stages as compared to non-irradiated plants. The extent of oxidative damage was measured in terms of the activities of enzymes such as catalase, superoxide dismutase and ascorbate peroxidase. Reinforcement in the antioxidative defense system seems to be a positive response of plants in ameliorating the negative effects of UV-B and UV-C radiations. While the carotenoid content was elevated, the chlorophyll content decreased under UV-B and UV-C pre-treatments. The reverse transcription PCR analysis of the genes associated in artemisinin/isoprenoid biosynthesis like 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase (HMGR), cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase (CPR) and amorpha-4,11-diene synthase (ADS) genes at different growth stages revealed UV induced significant over-expression of the above protein genes. UV-B and UV-C pre-treatments, led to an increase in the concentrations of artemisinin at full bloom stage by 10.5% and 15.7% than that of the control respectively. Thus, the result of our study suggests that short term UV-B pre-treatment of seedlings in greenhouse prior to transplantation into the field enhances artemisinin production with lesser yield related damages as compared to UV-C radiation in A. annua.

► We have examined that UV pre-treatments induce artemisinin biosynthesis in Artemisia annua. ► Artemisinin is currently recognized as one of the most potent antimalarial drugs. ► Low concentrations of artemisinin in A. annua, make artemisinin relatively expensive. ► UV pre-treatments triggers ROS generation and activates artemisinin biosynthetic pathway genes. ► These results can be applied to increase field artemisinin production in the short term.

Keywords
Artemisia annua L.; UV radiations; Active oxygen species; Antioxidants; Artemisinin; RT-PCR analysis
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UV-B and UV-C pre-treatments induce physiological changes and artemisinin biosynthesis in Artemisia annua L. – An antimalarial plant
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 105, Issue 3, 2 December 2011, Pages 216–225
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us