Photochemical properties and phototoxicity of Pazufloxacin: A stable and transient study
Photochemical properties and phototoxicity of Pazufloxacin (PAX) were systematically investigated in aqueous solutions using UV–Vis, fluorescence, laser flash photolysis, pulse radiolysis and SDS–PAGE gel electrophoresis techniques. PAX triplet-state (3PAX∗) absorption spectra (λmax = 570 nm) was determined. 3PAX∗ was quenched by PAX and O2, with rate constants of 6.9 × 108 and 3.2 × 108 dm3 mol−1 s−1, respectively. The pKa values (5.7 and 8.6) for the protonation equilibrium were determined by UV–Vis and fluorescence techniques. The PAX triplet energy (ET = 260.3 kJ/mol) was obtained using energy transfer method. The reaction of electron transfer from tryptophan (TrpH) and dGMP to 3PAX∗ was found with rate constants of 8.8 × 107 and 8.7 × 106 dm3 mol−1 s−1, respectively. The rate constants for reactions of OH, SO4- and hydrated electron with PAX were found to be 5.8 × 108, 2.1 × 109 and 9 × 109 dm3 mol−1 s−1, respectively. Based on the results obtained, a rational scheme for dGMP, TrpH and lysozyme photodamage induced by PAX was proposed.
Graphical abstractFigure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slideHighlights► We investigated the photochemical properties of PAX by UV–Vis, fluorescence and laser flash photolysis. ► We investigated the reactions of 3PAX∗ with TrpH and dGMP by the method of laser flash photolysis. ► We investigated the properties of PAX radical cation (PAX+) and radical anion (PAX−) by the method of pulse radiolysis. ► The reaction of excited state of pax with lysozyme was studied by the method of gel electrophoresis.
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 118, 5 January 2013, Pages 58–65