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UV-Filter combinations under UV-A exposure: Concomitant quantification of over-all spectral stability and molecular integrity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
30759 44501 2007 10 PDF Available
Title
UV-Filter combinations under UV-A exposure: Concomitant quantification of over-all spectral stability and molecular integrity
Abstract

Efficient UV-absorbing molecules are designed to protect against UV-light over-exposure. However, upon UV exposure they may change spectral performance or act as photooxidants via generation of free radicals and reactive oxygen species alone or in combination with others. Therefore, information about their photointegrity which comprises (i) stable absorbance and (ii) absence of UV-induced molecular breakdown, is fundamental. In this study, seven commonly used UV-A, UV-B and broad spectrum UV-AB filters and their combinations, were incorporated into phosphatidylcholine (PC)-based liposomes and exposed to UV-A (275 kJ/m2). Spectral integrity, evaluated by recording UV-absorbance spectra of the extracted filter molecules and molecular integrity, assessed indirectly via quantification of UV-A induced PC peroxidation, revealed that spectral stability of filter molecules alone or in combination (e.g. trianilino p-carboxyethylhexyl triazine, EHT plus ethylhexyl p-methoxycinnamate, OMC) does not necessarily imply absence of radical generation and that spectral lability does not necessarily have to lead to radical generation and molecular decay (e.g. OMC). This simple system capable of discriminating between essentially photostable and photounstable UV-absorbing molecules alone and in mixtures, might be useful for determining the influence of UV-protection as well as of photostability of UV-absorbers with regard to UV-induced genotoxic/phototoxic and photoageing-related, radical-based processes.

Keywords
Sunscreen; UVA; Lipid peroxidation; UV absorbance spectrum; Photostability/instability; Reactive oxygen species (ROS)
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 87, Issue 2, 25 May 2007, Pages 95–104
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us