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The responses of trichome mutants to enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation in Arabidopsis thaliana

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
30788 44503 2012 7 PDF Available
Title
The responses of trichome mutants to enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation in Arabidopsis thaliana
Abstract

To gain a better understanding of the protective function of the trichome in Arabidopsis against UV-B radiation, we performed a study using several Arabidopsis trichome mutants (gl1, gis, gis2, zfp8, try82, and gl3), overexpressing trichome positive regulator lines (35S:GIS and 35S:GIS2), and wild-types (WT) under simulated enhanced UV-B radiation conditions. The flowering time, height, diameter of rosette, leaf size, trichome density, and expression levels of GL3 gene were measured. Significant decreases in height, diameter of rosette, leaf size, and a notable delay in flowering time were observed in all mutants and wild-types after exposure to UV-B. Moreover, the trichome density showed a significant increase, suggesting a clear induction of trichome formation by UV-B. Comparing the mutants and WT, we found that the mutants that had more trichomes showed a lower sensitivity to UV-B than the WT, whereas the mutants that had fewer trichomes were more sensitive to UV-B. These results indicated that the trichome plays a key shielding role against UV-B radiation. qRT-PCR analysis indicated that UV-B radiation induced expression of GL3 and an increase in GL3 transcript level correlated with the increase in trichome density and, suggesting a possible role of GL3 by integrating the environmental signal to control trichome initiation.

► UV-B have inhibiting effects on growth and development of Arabidopsis. ► Trichomes play a UV-shielding role against UV-B radiation. ► Trichome mutants are more sensitive to UV-B radiation. ► UV-B induce the formation of trichomes and induced the expression of the key trichome initiation regulator GL3. ► GL3 is the key regulator to integrate the environmental stress signal to control trichome initiation.

Keywords
Trichome; UV-B radiation; Arabidopsis; GL3; Sensitivity
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The responses of trichome mutants to enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation in Arabidopsis thaliana
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 113, 1 August 2012, Pages 29–35
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us