Ultraviolet-B irradiation induces epidermal up-regulation of heparanase expression and activity
Heparan sulfate (HS) glycosaminoglycans are abundant components of basement membranes and cell surfaces where they are present associated with specific core-proteins to form proteoglycans, mainly perlecan, glypicans and syndecans. They play many roles such as modulation of cell proliferation and differentiation, cell–matrix adhesion and assembly. It was previously shown that HS content decreases during skin aging. This decrease could be explained either by a decrease of HS synthesis or by an increased activity of its degrading enzyme, heparanase (Hpse-1). Since UV-B irradiation is one of the most important factor for skin photo-damage, we decided to study the effects of UV-B irradiation on heparanase expression and activity in human epidermal keratinocytes. Normal human keratinocytes and reconstructed epidermis were submitted to increasing doses of UV-B. HPSE1 mRNA levels were measured using real time PCR and heparanase enzymatic activity was quantified in human keratinocyte cultures using a microtiter-based assay. Expression and distribution of Hpse-1 were also studied in reconstructed epidermis by immunofluorescence. Both HPSE1 mRNA level and heparanase enzymatic activity were increased after UV-B irradiation of keratinocyte cultures in a time and dose-dependent manner. Protein expression of Hpse-1 was also up-regulated with increasing doses of UV-B in reconstructed epidermis. Increase of Hpse-1 expression and activity in the epidermis after UV-B irradiation could contribute to skin photo-aging.
► Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPG) are crucial for skin integrity. ► They were shown to decrease in aging skin. ► We demonstrate that heparanase mRNA level and enzymatic activity are up-regulated after UV-B irradiation of keratinocytes. ► We suggest that the resulting heparin–sulfate degradation could be implied in skin photo-aging.
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 106, 5 January 2012, Pages 107–112