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Impact of UV-B irradiation on photosynthetic performance and chloroplast membrane components in Oryza sativa L.

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
30852 44508 2011 10 PDF Available
Title
Impact of UV-B irradiation on photosynthetic performance and chloroplast membrane components in Oryza sativa L.
Abstract

The impact of UV-B radiation on photosynthetic related parameters was studied in Oryza sativa L. cv. Safari plants, after an UV-B irradiation performed 1 h per day for 7 days (between 8 and 14 days after germination) with a ten narrow-band (λ 311 nm) that resulted in a total biological effective UV-B (UVBBE) of 2.975 kJ m−2 day−1 and a total of 20.825 kJ m−2. Gas exchange measurements were severely affected, showing reductions higher than 80% in net photosynthesis (Pn), stomatal conductance and photosynthetic capacity (Amax), 1 day after the end of the 7-days UV-B treatment. Similarly, several fluorescence parameters (Fo, Fv/Fm, Fv′/Fm′, ϕe, qP and qE) and thylakoid electron transport (involving both photosystems) were also severely reduced. Concomitantly, a decline of xanthophylls, carotenes, Chl a, Chl (a + b) and Chl (a/b) values was accompanied by the increase of the lipoperoxidation level in chloroplast membranes, altogether reflecting a loss of protection against oxidative stress. Seven days after of the end of UV-B treatment, most fluorescence parameters recovered, but in Pn, Amax, thylakoid electron transport rates, Chl a and lipid classes, as well as the level of lipoperoxidation, the impacts were even stronger than immediately after the end of stress, denoting a clear loss of performance of photosynthetic structures. However, only a moderate impact on total lipids was observed, accompanied by some changes in the relative weight of the major chloroplast membrane lipid classes, with emphasis on the decrease of MGDG and the increase of phospholipids. That suggested an ability to de novo lipid synthesis allowing qualitative changes in the lipid matrix. Notably, the leaves developed after the end of UV-B irradiation showed a much lower impact, with significantly decreased values only in Pn and gs, rises in several fluorescence parameters, thylakoid electron transport, photosynthetic pigments (xanthophylls and chls) and DEPS, while lipid classes presented values close to control. The results showed a global impact of UV-B in the photosynthetic structures and performance in irradiated leaves, but revealed also a low impairment extent in the leaves entirely developed after the end of the irradiation, reflecting a remarkable recovery of the plant after the end of stress, what could constitute an advantage under occasional UV-B exposure events in this vital worldwide staple food crop.

► We study the effect of UV-B on Oryza sativa L. cv. Safari at gas exchanges and mesophyll levels. ► Strong impact was observed on photosynthetic related parameters after leaf UV-B irradiation. ► Lipoperoxidation, photosynthetic pigments, lipid class balance and photosystem activity were disturbed. ► Absence of adverse effects in almost all parameters in the leaves developed after the end of UV-B exposure.

Keywords
Chloroplast; Lipoperoxidation; Membranes; Photosynthesis; Rice; UV-B impact
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Impact of UV-B irradiation on photosynthetic performance and chloroplast membrane components in Oryza sativa L.
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 104, Issue 3, 2 September 2011, Pages 457–466
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us