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Hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether-mediated photodynamic effects on THP-1 cell-derived macrophages

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
30959 44522 2010 7 PDF Available
Title
Hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether-mediated photodynamic effects on THP-1 cell-derived macrophages
Abstract

Photodynamic therapy (PDT) has been shown to attenuate atherosclerotic plaque progression and decrease macrophage-infiltration. The effectiveness of PDT depends strongly on the type of photosensitizers. Hematoporphyrin monomethyl ether (HMME) is a promising second-generation porphyrin-related photosensitizer for PDT. This study is designed to characterize effects of HMME-based PDT on THP-1 cell-derived macrophages and define the cell-death pathway. HMME was identified to accumulate in the macrophages by fluorescence microscopy and confocal scanning laser microscope. Our data demonstrated that the intensity of laser-induced HMME fluorescence in macrophages steadily increased with the increasing incubation concentration of HMME. The survival rate of macrophages determined by MTT assay decreased with the increasing HMME concentration and irradiation time. HMME-based PDT induced macrophage apoptosis via caspase-9 and caspase-3 activation pathway detected by caspase fluorescent assay kit and flow cytometer. The PDT increased the number of apoptotic macrophages by 14-fold at 12 h post irradiation by 9 J/cm2 635 nm diode laser. These results imply that photodynamic therapy with HMME may therefore be a useful clinical treatment for unstable atherosclerotic plaques.

Keywords
PDT; HMME; Macrophage; Apoptosis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 101, Issue 1, 5 October 2010, Pages 9–15
Authors
, , , , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us