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Responses in the morphology, physiology and biochemistry of Taxus chinensis var. mairei grown under supplementary UV-B radiation

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
31089 44539 2010 7 PDF Available
Title
Responses in the morphology, physiology and biochemistry of Taxus chinensis var. mairei grown under supplementary UV-B radiation
Abstract

The effects of supplemental UV-B radiation on Taxus chinensis var. mairei were studied. Leaf traits, gas exchange parameters and the concentrations of photosynthetic pigments, cellular defense system products, secondary metabolites and ultrastructure were determined. UV-B radiation significantly decreased leaf area (p < 0.05). Leaf number, secondary branch number, leaf weight per plant and leaf moisture all increased dramatically (p < 0.05). Neither the leaf weight nor the specific leaf weight (SLW) exhibited significant differences between ambient and enhanced UV-B radiation. Gas exchange parameters were all dramatically reduced by enhanced UV-B radiation (p < 0.05). The contents of chlorophyll and the chlorophyll a/b ratio were not distinctly affected by UV-B radiation, while carotenoids content significantly decreased (p < 0.05). Supplemental UV-B treatment induced significant flavonoid accumulation (p < 0.05), which was able to protect plant from radiation damage. Meanwhile, the appendage content, abaxial stomatal density, papilla density and particulate matter content in substomatic chambers increased noticeably by supplemental UV-B radiation, whereas the aperture size of single stomata was diminished. The number and area of plastoglobuli were apparently reduced by UV-B radiation, but stroma and grana lamellae were not destroyed. Our results demonstrated that T. chinensis var. mairei can activate several defense mechanisms against oxidative stress injury caused by supplemental UV-B radiation.

Keywords
Taxus chinensis var. mairei; Photosynthesis; Ultrastructure; UV-B radiation; Secondary metabolite
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Responses in the morphology, physiology and biochemistry of Taxus chinensis var. mairei grown under supplementary UV-B radiation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 98, Issue 2, 12 February 2010, Pages 152–158
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us