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Effects of 400 nm, 420 nm, and 435.8 nm radiations on cultured human retinal pigment epithelial cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
31118 44547 2009 7 PDF Available
Title
Effects of 400 nm, 420 nm, and 435.8 nm radiations on cultured human retinal pigment epithelial cells
Abstract

The present study demonstrates narrowband short-wavelengths radiation- (400, 420, and 435.8 nm) induced cellular damage of cultured human retinal pigment epithelial cells using in vitro biological assays to determine wavelengths that are responsible for photochemical lesions of the retina. This work involved the exposure of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells (ARPE-19) to narrowband light of three different wavelengths (400, 420, and 435.8 nm) using a xenon arc lamp and interference filters. Cellular viability, mitochondrial distribution, and nucleic acid (both DNA and RNA) damage were quantified after various energy levels of exposure, using the Alamar blue assay, and confocal laser scanning microscopy with two fluorescent stains (Rhodamine 123 and Acridine Orange). The results clearly show that 400 nm light radiation can cause significant dose-dependent decreases in RPE cell viability as well as degradations of DNA/RNA and mitochondria in RPE cells, while 420 and 435.8 nm light radiation cause no cellular damage. While further evaluations may be needed to assess specificity and confounding factors of these assessment tools, the results may be a matter for consideration in future IOL design efforts.

Keywords
Short-wavelength light radiation; RPE cell culture; Cellular viability; Mitochondrial damage; DNA damage; In vitro bioassays
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Effects of 400 nm, 420 nm, and 435.8 nm radiations on cultured human retinal pigment epithelial cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 95, Issue 1, 2 April 2009, Pages 64–70
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us