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Bactericidal effect of malachite green and red laser on Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
31204 44567 2007 7 PDF Available
Title
Bactericidal effect of malachite green and red laser on Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans
Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the ability of malachite green (MG) combined with a low-power red laser to kill Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans and to investigate MG photodegradation after photodynamic therapy (PDT) by optical absorption spectroscopy. The etiology of periodontal disease is that microorganisms form a bacterial biofilm on the surface of the teeth. It is an infectious disease and A. actinomycetemcomitans is considered an important agent in biofilm ecology. Instead of using antibiotics, PDT is an alternative approach to eradicate bacteria. Cultures of A. actinomycetemcomitans were exposed to a 30 mW diode red laser, in the presence or absence of MG. A group of cultures was treated in dark conditions in the presence of MG (0.01% w/v) for 5 min. In the presence of MG, two exposure times for laser irradiation were used: t = 3 min (energy dose = 5.4 J/cm2), and t = 5 min (energy dose = 9 J/cm2). The samples were diluted and bacterial colonies were counted and converted into colony forming units. Absorption spectra of the bacterial suspensions, MG, MG-stained bacterial suspensions, and photosensitized bacterial suspensions were obtained. A. actinomycetemcomitans can be photoinactivated by a red laser in the presence of MG. Significant differences were observed between the two energy doses used (p < 0.05). Red laser alone and MG alone were not able to kill bacteria. Optical absorption showed that MG is photobleached after irradiation. These results indicate that A. actinomycetemcomitans can be photosensitized by red laser combined with MG and that the dye is photodegraded following irradiation.

Keywords
Photodynamic therapy; Diode laser; Malachite green; Oral bacteria; Periodontitis; Photosensitizers
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Bactericidal effect of malachite green and red laser on Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 86, Issue 1, 3 January 2007, Pages 70–76
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us