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Inactivation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) by liposome-delivered photosensitising agents

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
31220 44570 2006 7 PDF Available
Title
Inactivation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) by liposome-delivered photosensitising agents
Abstract

The uptake of two photosensitising agents (hematoporphyrin and chlorophyll a) by a highly pathogenic bacterium, namely methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), has been studied by using unilamellar liposomes of different size, fluidity and electric charge as carriers. Optimal results are obtained by using hematoporphyrin embedded in fluid cationic vesicles composed by the monocationic lipid N-[1-(2,3-dioleoyloxy)propyl]-N,N,N-trimethylammonium methylsulfate (DOTAP), which yield an endocellular concentration of photosensitiser much higher than that obtained by incubation of the cells with the free porphyrin, yet promote a tighter binding and a more efficient photoinactivation of MRSA. Apparently, the photosensitiser is successfully transferred from the liposome to the bacterial cells when the presence of the tetrapyrrolic derivative does not appreciably perturb the native three-dimensional organisation of the lipid vesicle, such as it occurs with hematoporphyrin. On the other hand, chlorophyll, which causes a marked structural alteration of the DOTAP vesicles as shown by electron microscopy and fluorescence anisotropy measurements, does not show any detectable photocytotoxicity toward MRSA, contrary to what observed for the free dye.

Keywords
Porphyrins; Liposomes; Photosensitisation; Bacteria; Staphylococcus aureus
First Page Preview
Inactivation of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) by liposome-delivered photosensitising agents
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Volume 83, Issue 2, 1 May 2006, Pages 98–104
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering