Overview on oxidation mechanisms of organic compounds by TiO2 in heterogeneous photocatalysis
This review provides the reader with a general overview on heterogeneous photocatalytic oxidation mechanisms in the presence of TiO2, with a special address to conversion of aliphatic and aromatic organic species. The aim was to clarify the steps of the photo-oxidation of the various classes of compounds and to relate them with the properties of the catalysts and the experimental conditions used. Reactions carried out to perform complete degradation and photocatalytic partial oxidations have been deeply discussed. Recent isotopic studies highlighted new reaction pathways concerning partial oxidation of alcohols to aldehyde and oxidation of benzene while EPR investigations confirmed that not only the photogenerated hole but also the OH radicals are involved in the oxidation of the substrates.
► Mechanisms of aliphatic photocatalytic oxidations. ► Mechanisms of aromatic photocatalytic oxidations. ► Organic photocatalytic degradations. ► Titanium dioxide.
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology C: Photochemistry Reviews - Volume 13, Issue 3, September 2012, Pages 224–245