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Antimicrobial and photocatalytic disinfection mechanisms in silver-modified photocatalysts under dark and light conditions

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
31433 44787 2014 14 PDF Available
Title
Antimicrobial and photocatalytic disinfection mechanisms in silver-modified photocatalysts under dark and light conditions
Abstract

•Silver-modification can be used to increase photocatalytic efficiencies.•Silver also possesses antimicrobial capabilities.•Antimicrobial and photocatalytic mechanisms can contribute to disinfection.

The modification of photocatalysts by silver addition or deposition can be used to increase photocatalytic efficiencies by preventing photogenerated electron–hole recombination through electron trapping mechanisms, and by increasing visible light absorption of the composite materials through the surface plasmon resonance enhancement of silver nanoparticles. Nanosilver also possesses excellent antimicrobial activity, and can be used as a biocidal agent when incorporated into TiO2 photocatalysts. Alternatively, the host photocatalyst may also contribute to antimicrobial activity observed in the absence of irradiation, such as for AgX (X = Cl, Br, I) and ZnO. These silver-modified composites present a novel class of hybrid photocatalysts, which possess antibacterial and/or antiviral action in both dark and light conditions, and are discussed in detail in this review. In addition, other antimicrobial photocatalysts such as those based on copper are examined. Further work should be performed on these materials to distinguish the roles of acting mechanisms in the light-induced disinfection processes.

Keywords
Antimicrobial; Photocatalytic disinfection; Silver-modified photocatalysts; Electron–hole separation
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Antimicrobial and photocatalytic disinfection mechanisms in silver-modified photocatalysts under dark and light conditions
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology C: Photochemistry Reviews - Volume 19, June 2014, Pages 62–75
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
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Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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