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Genesis of rare molecules using light-induced reactions of matrix-isolated tetrazoles

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
31440 44788 2014 20 PDF Available
Title
Genesis of rare molecules using light-induced reactions of matrix-isolated tetrazoles
Abstract

•Photolysis of tetrazoles trapped in a rigid environment of solidified gases.•Photofragmentation of monomeric species generates a wide range of exit channels.•Genesis of rare molecular species.•Relevance of conformation and tautomerism for the observed photochemistries.•Focus on matrix isolation technique coupled with FTIR spectroscopy.

Tetrazoles exhibit a very rich photochemistry, strongly influenced by the nature of substituents in the tetrazolic ring. Photolysis of representative tetrazoles trapped in a rigid environment of solidified noble gases at cryogenic temperatures (usually argon at 10–15 K) results in photofragmentation of the monomeric species with a wide range of exit channels. Since the obtained fragments are generally confined to the matrix cage where they are formed, no subsequent cross-reactions involving species resulting from photolysis can occur, strongly reducing the number of possible photoproducts in comparison with gas phase or solution studies. These conditions introduce a useful simplification for the interpretation of the reaction mechanisms and enable spectroscopic characterization of novel and/or highly reactive molecules. In this review, we provide an updated report on the photolysis of matrix-isolated tetrazoles, focusing on the scope and usefulness of this methodology for generation of rare molecules and investigation of photocleavage pathways. Special emphasis is placed on mechanistic interpretations and characterization of rare molecules and on the relevance of conformation and tautomerism on the photochemistry of the studied compounds.

Graphical abstractIn this review is provided a rationalized report on the photolysis of matrix-isolated tetrazoles, focusing on the scope and usefulness of this methodology for generation of extremely reactive molecules and investigation of photocleavage pathways. Special emphasis is placed on mechanistic interpretations and characterization of rare molecules, and on the relevance of conformation and tautomerism for the photochemical reactivity of the studied compounds.Figure optionsDownload full-size imageDownload as PowerPoint slide

Keywords
Tetrazole; Photochemistry; Matrix-isolation; Rare molecules; IR spectroscopy
First Page Preview
Genesis of rare molecules using light-induced reactions of matrix-isolated tetrazoles
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology C: Photochemistry Reviews - Volume 18, March 2014, Pages 71–90
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering