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Consolidated conversion of protein waste into biofuels and ammonia using Bacillus subtilis

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
31536 44810 2014 9 PDF Available
Title
Consolidated conversion of protein waste into biofuels and ammonia using Bacillus subtilis
Abstract

•Conversion of waste protein into biofuels reclaims nitrogen fertilizers.•Protein hydrolysis before amino acid uptake complicates process scale up.•Engineering of Bacillus subtilis enables consolidated protein conversion.•B. subtilis required modified branched-chain amino acid regulation and metabolism.•The final strain converted several polypeptides directly into usable biofuels and NH3.

The non-recyclable use of nitrogen fertilizers in microbial production of fuels and chemicals remains environmentally detrimental. Conversion of protein wastes into biofuels and ammonia by engineering nitrogen flux in Escherichia coli has been demonstrated as a method to reclaim reduced-nitrogen and curb its environmental deposition. However, protein biomass requires a proteolysis process before it can be taken up and converted by any microbe. Here, we metabolically engineered Bacillus subtilis to hydrolyze polypeptides through its secreted proteases and to convert amino acids into advanced biofuels and ammonia fertilizer. Redirection of B. subtilis metabolism for amino-acid conversion required inactivation of the branched-chain amino-acid (BCAA) global regulator CodY. Additionally, the lipoamide acyltransferase (bkdB) was deleted to prevent conversion of branched-chain 2-keto acids into their acyl-CoA derivatives. With these deletions and heterologous expression of a keto-acid decarboxylase and an alcohol dehydrogenase, the final strain produced biofuels and ammonia from an amino-acid media with 18.9% and 46.6% of the maximum theoretical yield. The process was also demonstrated on several waste proteins. The results demonstrate the feasibility of direct microbial conversion of polypeptides into sustainable products.

Keywords
BCKDC, branched-chain keto-acid dehydrogenase complex; DCW, dry cell weight; BCAA, branched-chain amino acid; 2-KG, 2-ketoglutarate; KIV, 2-ketoisovalerate; KIC, 2-ketoisocaprate; KMV, 2-ketomethylvalerate; AHAS, acetohydroxy acid synthase; GC, gas chomat
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Consolidated conversion of protein waste into biofuels and ammonia using Bacillus subtilis
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Metabolic Engineering - Volume 23, May 2014, Pages 53–61
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us