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On metabolic shift to lactate consumption in fed-batch culture of mammalian cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
31583 44821 2012 12 PDF Available
Title
On metabolic shift to lactate consumption in fed-batch culture of mammalian cells
Abstract

Fedbatch culture is the prevalent cell cultivation method in producing protein therapeutics. A metabolic shift to lactate consumption in late stage of cultivation has been shown to extend the culture viability and increase product concentrations. To better understand the factors, which trigger metabolic shift we performed transcriptome and metabolic flux analysis on a fedbatch culture of mouse myeloma cell line (NS0) and developed a mechanistic kinetic model for energy metabolism. Experimental observation indicates that the shift to lactate consumption occurs upon the cessation of rapid growth and under conditions of low glycolysis flux and high extracellular lactate concentrations. Although the transition is accompanied by a general down regulation of enzymes in energy metabolism, that alone was insufficient to elicit a metabolic shift. High lactate level has been reported to exert an inhibitory effect on glycolysis enzyme phosphofructokinase; model simulation suggests that a high lactate level can contribute to reduced glycolytic flux as well as providing a driving force for its conversion to pyruvate. The transcriptome data indicate that moderate alteration in the transcript levels of AKT1 and P53 signaling pathways genes occurs in the late stage of culture. These signaling pathways are known to regulate glycolytic activity. Model simulations further suggest that AKT1 signaling plays a key role in facilitating lactate consumption. Collectively, our results strongly suggest that lactate consumption in fedbatch culture is an outcome of reduced glycolysis flux, which is a product of lactate inhibition and regulatory action of signaling pathway caused by reduced growth rate.

► Lactate consumption in cell culture correlates to enhanced product yields. ► Occurs during slow growth and under low glycolytic flux and high lactate level. ► High lactate levels inhibit PFK activity thereby repress glycolysis flux. ► AKT1 and P53 pathways altered in late stage of culture. ► High lactate and signaling pathways both mediate the shift to lactate consumption.

Keywords
Lactate consumption; Glycolysis; Metabolic model; MFA; AKT1; P53
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On metabolic shift to lactate consumption in fed-batch culture of mammalian cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Metabolic Engineering - Volume 14, Issue 2, March 2012, Pages 138–149
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us