fulltext.study @t Gmail

Contribution of sludge adsorption and biodegradation to the removal of five pharmaceuticals in a submerged membrane bioreactor

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3159 153 2014 7 PDF Available
Title
Contribution of sludge adsorption and biodegradation to the removal of five pharmaceuticals in a submerged membrane bioreactor
Abstract

•Five pharmaceuticals showed notable different removal efficiency in a submerged membrane bioreactor.•Sludge adsorption of pharmaceuticals influenced by positive/negative charge and the hydrophobic/hydrophilic characteristics.•Functional groups of pharmaceuticals take effect on their biodegradation.•Contribution of sludge adsorption and biodegradation for pharmaceuticals removal was obtained.

A submerged membrane bioreactor was set up to investigate the removal efficiencies of five pharmaceuticals from synthetic domestic wastewater. Batch experiments were conducted with sterilized sludge and activated sludge to explore the contributions of sludge adsorption and biodegradation for those pharmaceuticals. Notable difference of those pharmaceuticals removal efficiencies was observed, at about 92.2, 90.0, 55.4, 38.5 and 3.2% for acetaminophen, 17β-estradiol, naproxen, diclofenac sodium, and carbamazepine, respectively. Results of batch adsorption experiments via sterilized sludge showed that the removal efficiencies of five pharmaceuticals by sludge adsorption were 7.9, 68.2, 60.1, 40.1 and 71.5%, respectively, which were positively correlated with their octanol–water partition coefficients. Results of batch experiments via activated sludge showed that 83.4% of acetaminophen, 98.0% of 17β-estradiol, and 46.8% of naproxen were removed through the combination of sludge adsorption and biodegradation, while adsorption accumulation in sludge phase was only 1.8, 1.3 and 7.0%. This implies that the removals of these three drugs were mainly achieved by biodegradation. The total removal efficiency of diclofenac sodium was 19.7%, and the contributions of sludge adsorption and biodegradation were 14.9 and 4.8%, which indicated that the removal of diclofenac sodium was mainly achieved by sludge adsorption. The total removal efficiency of carbamazepine was only 8.9% and this implies that neither sludge adsorption nor biodegradation is effective for its removal.

Keywords
Biodegradation; Biosorption; Pharmaceutical; Membrane bioreactors; Wastewater treatment
First Page Preview
Contribution of sludge adsorption and biodegradation to the removal of five pharmaceuticals in a submerged membrane bioreactor
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 88, 15 July 2014, Pages 101–107
Authors
, , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us