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Metabolic engineering tanshinone biosynthetic pathway in Salvia miltiorrhiza hairy root cultures

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
31674 44828 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Metabolic engineering tanshinone biosynthetic pathway in Salvia miltiorrhiza hairy root cultures
Abstract

Tanshinone is a group of active diterpenes widely used in treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Here, we report the introduction of genes encoding 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA reductase (HMGR), 1-deoxy-d-xylulose-5-phosphate synthase (DXS) and geranylgeranyl diphosphate synthase (GGPPS) involved in tanshinone biosynthesis into Salvia miltiorrhiza hairy roots by Agrobacterium-mediated gene transfer technology. Overexpression of SmGGPPS and/or SmHMGR as well as SmDXS in transgenic hairy root lines can significantly enhance the production of tanshinone to levels higher than that of the control (P<0.05). SmDXS showed much more powerful pushing effect than SmHMGR in tanshinone production, while SmGGPPS plays a more important role in stimulating tanshinone accumulation than the upstream enzyme SmHMGR or SmDXS in S. miltiorrhiza. Co-expression of SmHMGR and SmGGPPS resulted in highest production of tanshinone (about 2.727 mg/g dw) in line HG9, which was about 4.74-fold higher than that of the control (0.475 mg/g dw). All the tested transgenic hairy root lines showed higher antioxidant activity than the control. To our knowledge, this is the first report on enhancement of tanshinone content and antioxidant activity achieved through metabolic engineering of hairy roots by push–pull strategy in S. miltiorrhiza.

Keywords
Salvia miltiorrhiza bunge; Diterpenoid; Tanshinone; Transformation; Metabolic engineering
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Metabolic engineering tanshinone biosynthetic pathway in Salvia miltiorrhiza hairy root cultures
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Metabolic Engineering - Volume 13, Issue 3, May 2011, Pages 319–327
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us