Succinate production from different carbon sources under anaerobic conditions by metabolic engineered Escherichia coli strains
Succinic acid has drawn much interest as a precursor of many industrially important chemicals. Using a variety of feedstocks for the bio-production of succinic acid would be economically beneficial to future industrial processes. Escherichia coli SBS550MG is able to grow on both glucose and fructose, but not on sucrose. Therefore, we derived a SBS550MG strain bearing both the pHL413 plasmid, which contains Lactococcus lactis pycA gene, and the pUR400 plasmid, which contains the scrK, Y, A, B, and R genes for sucrose uptake and catalyzation. Succinic acid production by this modified strain and the SBS550pHL413 strain was tested on fructose, sucrose, a mixture of glucose and fructose, a mixture of glucose, fructose and sucrose, and sucrose hydrolysis solution. The modified strain can produce succinic acid efficiently from all combinations of different carbon sources tested with minimal byproduct formation and with high molar succinate yields close to that of the maximum theoretic values. The molar succinic acid yield from fructose was the highest among the carbon sources tested. Using the mixture of glucose and fructose as the carbon source resulted in slightly lower yields and much higher productivity than using fructose alone. Fermenting sucrose mixed with fructose and glucose gave a 1.76-fold higher productivity than that when sucrose was used as the sole carbon source. Using sucrose pretreated with sulfuric acid as carbon source resulted in a similar succinic acid yield and productivity as that when using the mixture of sucrose, fructose, and glucose. The results of the effect of agitation rate in aerobic phase on succinate production showed that supplying large amount of oxygen in aerobic phase resulted in higher productions of formate and acetate, and therefore lower succinate yield. This study suggests that fructose, sucrose, mixture of glucose and fructose, mixture of glucose, fructose and sucrose, or sucrose hydrolysis solution could be used for the economical and efficient production of succinic acid by our metabolic engineered E. coli strain.
Journal: Metabolic Engineering - Volume 13, Issue 3, May 2011, Pages 328–335