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A biotin-triggered genetic switch in mammalian cells and mice

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
31738 44834 2009 8 PDF Available
Title
A biotin-triggered genetic switch in mammalian cells and mice
Abstract

Adjustable and reversible transgene expression systems enabling precise control of metabolic pathways and tunable production of specific target proteins have been essential for conditional reprogramming of mammalian cells to achieve progress in basic and applied bioengineering disciplines. Most of the currently available transgene control modalities have been designed to be responsive to clinically licensed pharmacologically active drugs which were expected to prevail in future clinical trials yet raised concerns about side effects when administered long term at subclinical doses. We have chosen vitamin H, also known as biotin, to control target gene transcription in mammalian cells in a potentially side effect-free manner. BirA, the Escherichia coli repressor of the biotin biosynthesis operon, was fused to the Herpes simplex transactivation domain to generate a biotin-dependent transactivator (BIT), which, in the presence of biotin, binds and activates chimeric target promoters (PBIT) harboring BirA-specific operator sites 5′ of a minimal promoter. Biotin-inducible transgene expression was functional in a variety of rodent, monkey and human cell lines, showed excellent adjustability and reversibility in transgenic Chinese hamster ovary cell lines, provided precise product gene control in standard bioreactor cultures and enabled dose-dependent vitamin H control of a human glycoprotein in mice. The combination of a side effect-free inducer, precise and reversible transcription tunability and broad functionality in different cell types as well as in entire animals represents a unique asset for the use of biotin-inducible transgene control in future gene therapy, tissue engineering and biopharmaceutical manufacturing scenarios.

Keywords
Biopharmaceutical manufacturing; Functional genomics; Gene switch; Gene therapy; Inducible expression; Synthetic biology; Vitamin H
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A biotin-triggered genetic switch in mammalian cells and mice
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Metabolic Engineering - Volume 11, Issue 2, March 2009, Pages 117–124
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us