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Structural insights on laccase biografting of ferulic acid onto lignocellulosic fibers

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
3174 154 2014 8 PDF Available
Title
Structural insights on laccase biografting of ferulic acid onto lignocellulosic fibers
Abstract

•Paper pulp biografting can be obtained by laccase and ferulic acid (FA) treatment.•Laccase-FA biografting results in strong kappa number and acid content increases.•The coupling linkages were investigated by 2D NMR of lignin isolated from pulps.•Aromatic correlations in the NMR spectra showed that FA is C4-etherified.•The aliphatic correlations showed that FA also incorporates as a dilactone.

Treatment of high-kappa sisal pulp with Trametes villosa laccase and ferulic acid resulted in strong increases of kappa-number and acid-group content due to biografting of this phenolic acid, as shown by pyrolysis in the presence of tetramethylammonium hydroxide. The coupling linkages were investigated by 2D NMR of the lignin isolated from pulps. The aromatic region of the spectra showed incorporation of the cinnamic molecule, representing ∼4% of the lignin content, that according to the displacement of its olefinic 13Cβ–1Hβ signal to 117.0/6.40 ppm would be C4-etherified. The aliphatic region of the spectra showed that ferulic acid also incorporates as the corresponding β–β′ dilactone (another ∼4% of the total lignin) with characteristic 13Cα–1Hα and 13Cβ–1Hβ correlations at 81.8/5.69 and 47.9/4.19 ppm, respectively. The sisal lignin in the treated pulps was only slightly modified (including a small increase of Cα-oxidized units) revealing that the main effect of the treatment was ferulic acid biografting.

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Keywords
2D NMR, two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance; ABTS, 2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonate); DMSO, dimethylsulfoxide; FA, ferulic acid; G, guaiacyl; GC/MS, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry; HSQC, heteronuclear single-quantum correlatio
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Structural insights on laccase biografting of ferulic acid onto lignocellulosic fibers
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biochemical Engineering Journal - Volume 86, 15 May 2014, Pages 16–23
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us