Application of dynamic flux balance analysis to an industrial Escherichia coli fermentation
We have developed a reactor-scale model of Escherichia coli metabolism and growth in a 1000L process for the production of a recombinant therapeutic protein. The model consists of two distinct parts: (1) a dynamic, process specific portion that describes the time evolution of 37 process variables of relevance and (2) a flux balance based, 123-reaction metabolic model of E. coli metabolism. This model combines several previously reported modeling approaches including a growth rate-dependent biomass composition, maximum growth rate objective function, and dynamic flux balancing. In addition, we introduce concentration-dependent boundary conditions of transport fluxes, dynamic maintenance demands, and a state-dependent cellular objective. This formulation was able to describe specific runs with high-fidelity over process conditions including rich media, simultaneous acetate and glucose consumption, glucose minimal media, and phosphate depleted media. Furthermore, the model accurately describes the effect of process perturbations—such as glucose overbatching and insufficient aeration—on growth, metabolism, and titer.
Journal: Metabolic Engineering - Volume 12, Issue 2, March 2010, Pages 150–160