fulltext.study @t Gmail

RNAi suppression of Bax and Bak enhances viability in fed-batch cultures of CHO cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
31813 44841 2006 14 PDF Available
Title
RNAi suppression of Bax and Bak enhances viability in fed-batch cultures of CHO cells
Abstract

Bcl-2 family proteins play a crucial role in the regulation of the mitochondrial pathway that leads to apoptosis. Members of the Bcl-2 family can be divided into the anti-apoptotic proteins such as Bcl-2 and Bcl-XL, and the pro-apoptotic proteins such as Bax and Bak and the BH3-only proteins. In this study, siRNA constructs to silence the Bax and Bak genes in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells were generated. Stable CHO cell lines in which the expression of Bax and Bak were significantly knocked down were screened by Western blot analysis and confirmed by RT-PCR. CHO cells with both Bax and Bak knocked down showed a clear resistance against cytotoxic lectins and UV irradiation-induced apoptosis. Compared to original CHO-K1 cells, these cells also survived longer when cultured under extreme conditions such as complete nutrient depletion or in high-osmolality medium. CHO cells with both Bax and Bak genes knocked down displayed an extended lifespan as well as higher viable cell densities in fed-batch cultures, both in adherent form on microcarrier beads and in suspension. The IFN-γ productivity by a rCHO IFN-γ cell line in which both Bak and Bax were knocked down increased by 35% compared to the control cells. These results indicate that the genetic inactivation of Bax and Bak in recombinant CHO cells can be an effective strategy in delaying the onset of apoptosis in batch and fed-batch cultures.

Keywords
Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells; Apoptosis; Bax; Bak; RNA interference (RNAi); CHO cells with Bak/Bax double knockdown (CHO-KXKD); Batch and fed-batch cultures
First Page Preview
RNAi suppression of Bax and Bak enhances viability in fed-batch cultures of CHO cells
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Metabolic Engineering - Volume 8, Issue 6, November 2006, Pages 509–522
Authors
, , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us